Skip to main content

10 Irish Poetic Forms

Here are 10 Irish poetic forms and how to write them. From the ae freislighe to the snam suad and several poem types in between.

Here are 10 Irish poetic forms and how to write them. From the ae freislighe to the snam suad and several poem types in between.

Image placeholder title

I've been covering poetic forms on this blog for more than a decade now. Long enough to make lists of poetic forms, like the 10 Irish poetic forms I've collected below. There are two things I especially enjoy about Irish forms: 1. The snappy names (I mean, cro cumaisc etir casbairdni ocus lethrannaigecht is the type of name you don't see every day); and 2. The rhyme schemes that are challenging to write but fun to read.

(Find more poetic forms here.)

Click on each link below to learn how to write them.

Recreate Your Poetry!

Image placeholder title

Revision doesn’t have to be a chore—something that has to be done after the joy of the first draft. In fact, revision should be viewed as an enjoyable extension of the creation process—something that you want to experience after the joy of the first draft.

Learn the three rules of revision, seven revision filters, common excuses for avoiding revision (and how to overcome them), and more in this power-packed poetry revision tutorial.

Click to continue.

10 Irish Poetic Forms

  1. Ae freislighe. Quatrain with multi-syllabic end rhymes.
  2. Breccbairdne. 23-syllable stanzas with rhymes and consonance.
  3. Casbairdne. Cross rhymes, consonance, and more.
  4. Cro cumaisc etir casbairdni ocus lethrannaigecht. A quatrain form with alternating lines of five and seven syllables.
  5. Dechnad cummaisc. Alternating lines of eight and four syllables.
  6. Dechnad mor. Alliteration, internal rhymes, end rhymes, and more.
  7. Deibide baise fri toin. Quatrains with syllable counts of 3/7/7/1.
  8. Droigneach. Alliteration, flexible syllable counts, multi-syllabic rhymes, and more.
  9. Seadna. Alternating lines of eight and seven syllables.
  10. Snam suad. Tight three-syllable lines in eight-line stanzas.

Check these forms out, try them for fun, and let me know which is your favorite in the comments below. Or let me know of Irish forms I still have yet to cover (like the rinnard).

From Script

A Twist on the Holiday Romantic Comedy (From Script)

In this week’s round up brought to us by Script magazine, acclaimed filmmaker Charles Shyer shares with Script his twist on the holiday romantic comedy in his new film The Noel Diary, and more.

Sugar House Review Market Spotlight quote

Sugar House Review: Market Spotlight

For this week's market spotlight, we look at Sugar House Review, a nonprofit poetry publication based out of Utah.

November PAD Chapbook Challenge

2022 November PAD Chapbook Challenge: Day 28

For the 2022 November PAD Chapbook Challenge, poets are tasked with writing a poem a day in the month of November before assembling a chapbook manuscript in the month of December. Day 28 is remix time.

Brian Lee Durfee: On Finishing a Fantasy Trilogy

Brian Lee Durfee: On Finishing a Fantasy Trilogy

Artist and author Brian Lee Durfee discusses what it felt like to write the final sentence in his Five Warrior Angels trilogy with his novel, The Lonesome Crown.

writer's digest wd presents

WD Presents: 5 WDU Courses, our Short Short Story Competition, and More!

This week, we're excited to announce 5 WDU courses, our short short story competition deadline, and more!

November PAD Chapbook Challenge

2022 November PAD Chapbook Challenge: Day 27

For the 2022 November PAD Chapbook Challenge, poets are tasked with writing a poem a day in the month of November before assembling a chapbook manuscript in the month of December. Day 27 is all about resolutions.

Willaims, 11:26

Preslaysa Williams: On Finding Hope in Romance

Award-winning author Preslaysa Williams discusses the process of writing her new romance novel, A Sweet Lowcountry Proposal.

November PAD Chapbook Challenge

2022 November PAD Chapbook Challenge: Day 26

For the 2022 November PAD Chapbook Challenge, poets are tasked with writing a poem a day in the month of November before assembling a chapbook manuscript in the month of December. Day 26 requires a second thought.

12 Books That Make Perfect Gifts This Holiday Season

12 Books That Make Perfect Gifts This Holiday Season

Here are 12 books released in 2022 that make perfect gifts this holiday season for the reader in your life.