Gogyohka: Poetic Form

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If only a poetic form existed that could be both concise and free. Oh wait a second, there's gogyohka!

Gogyohka was a form developed by Enta Kusakabe in Japan and translates literally to "five-line poem." An off-shoot of the tanka form, the gogyohka has very simple rules: The poem is comprised of five lines with one phrase per line. That's it.

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Learn how to write sestina, shadorma, haiku, monotetra, golden shovel, and more with The Writer’s Digest Guide to Poetic Forms, by Robert Lee Brewer.

This e-book covers more than 40 poetic forms and shares examples to illustrate how each form works. Discover a new universe of poetic possibilities and apply it to your poetry today!

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What constitutes a phrase in gogyohka?

From the examples I've seen of the form, the definition of phrase is in the eye of the beholder. A compound or complex sentence is probably too long, but I've seen phrases as short as one word and others more than five words.

So it's a little loose, which is kind of the theory behind gogyohka. It's meant to be concise (five lines) but free (variable line length with each phrase). No special seasonal or cutting words. No subject matter constraints. Just five lines of poetic phrases.

Here's my attempt at a Gogyohka:

"Halloween"

Ghosts hang
from the willow
as the children run
from one door
to the next.

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Robert Lee Brewer is Senior Content Editor of the Writer’s Digest Writing Community and author of the poetry collection, Solving the World’s Problems (Press 53).

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He edits Poet’s Market, Writer’s Market, and Guide to Self-Publishing, in addition to writing a free weekly WritersMarket.com newsletter and poetry column for Writer’s Digest magazine.

He is building a haunted house in his two-car garage with the assistance of his little poets, who are also spooky little creatives when it comes to Halloween decorating.

Follow him on Twitter @robertleebrewer.

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