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Englyn Byr Cwca: Poetic Forms

Poetic forms are an opportunity to play poetic games with structure. Today, we look at the englyn byr cwca, a Welsh tercet form that incorporates both end and internal rhymes.

Poetic forms are an opportunity to play poetic games with structure. Today, we look at the englyn byr cwca, a Welsh tercet form that incorporates both end and internal rhymes.

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Englyn Byr Cwca Poems

Like the englyn cyrch, the englyn byr cwca is a Welsh form that uses both end and internal rhymes. But there are quite a few differences beyond this. It has the following guidelines:

  • poem comprised of tercets (from one tercet to infinity) or 3-line stanzas
  • first line has 7 syllables, second has 10, and third has 6
  • lines 1 and 3 end rhyme with each other
  • line 2 rhymes with a syllable somewhere in the middle of the 3rd line

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Here’s my attempt at an englyn byr cwca:

sun, by Robert Lee Brewer

burn deep into every night
& illuminate every single day
with your rays of pure light

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