Skip to main content

How to Create Instantly (& Instinctively) Recognizable Characters

Meeting characters in a novel is very much like meeting people in real life. When we start reading a book, it’s as if we moved to a new town and were meeting a whole bunch of new people at the same time. Your job as a writer is to create that town and populate it with characters that live their lives before our eyes.


This guest blog is written by Helga Schier, PhD, former Big Five editor and founder of, an independent editorial services firm. With over 20 years of experience in the (self-)publishing industry, Helga guides authors through the development and revision process. Handling a manuscript like a diamond in the rough, Helga’s editorial work focuses on the refinement of story, character, and stylistic issues, helping writers unlock the potential of their manuscripts. She works with published, self-published, and not-yet-published writers of fiction and non-fiction. Helga has published essayistic works on contemporary English and American fiction, and has translated several screenplays, memoirs, and a novel series. She lives in Los Angeles with her husband and two children. For more information, visit For a sneak peek at her online tutorial, see the bottom of this article.

First Impressions

Whether we like or dislike a character in a novel depends as much on first impressions as it does when we meet a new neighbor or a new colleague—the way people look, what they say or don’t say in that first conversation, whether they have a strong handshake, order a second drink, or laugh to much or too little or not at all. In real life, it takes a while until we get to peek behind an often well-guarded façade. By the time we hear about a person’s childhood, relationship trouble or otherwise relevant background, we’ve known them for a while and have already formed an image of them in our minds. Of course, once we find out more about them, we may change our minds and like a person more—or less. Some people grow on us, and others, well, they don't.

Rounded Characters

As a writer, you want to create rounded characters, complete with a psychological make-up, with a past, with hopes for the future, fears and worries, with a favorite food and pet peeves, with idiosyncrasies, and, most importantly, with a motivation or a reason for why they are doing or saying whatever it is they are doing or saying. [Like this quote? Click here to Tweet and share it!] In short, you want them to be unique, and not only that, you also want them to be memorable. How do you do that, given you don't have years to develop a relationship between your characters and your readers?

One way—there are more, so check out my Writers Digest tutorial on Creating Compelling Characters in Six Simple Steps—is to create instantly and instinctively recognizable characters.

What does that mean?

[The Top 10 Elements of a Book People Want to Read

Instant Implications

Imagine that one of your characters is the President of the United States.

The simple fact that the character is the President will instantly conjure up ideas in your readers’ minds. These ideas may be formed by real-life presidents, or they may be formed by the qualities your readers connect with the office, such as power, or responsibility, or even a specific political platform like Lincoln’s bid to end slavery.

Now, how do you steer these preconceived ideas to create the one and only and very unique President in your novel.

Imagine this:

In one of your scenes, your President is sitting in the Oval Office, poring over papers. He is alone. Suddenly someone knocks at the door. A quick glance at his watch tells him that it is time for his 10 o’clock meeting. The President knows that within a few seconds, he’ll have to face the Speaker of the House, his arch enemy, who for political or personal reasons is intent on bringing him down.

Now imagine that your President is chewing gum.

What does he do in the split second between the knock on the door and the entry of his enemy? Does he swallow the gum? Does he take it out and throw it in the waste paper basket behind him? Does he take it out and stick it under his desk, where plenty of other gum is stuck already? Or does he keep chewing?

Instinctive Connotations

You can choose any of these four possibilities, but whichever one you do choose will define your President’s personality. Not everyone will have the same connotations with these four different behaviors, but everyone will have some connotation—automatically and unconsciously, without thinking or analyzing, perhaps even without noticing—instinctively and instantly.

To me, a person who sticks his gum under the table seems a bit mischievous, like a person who still has a lot of boy in him. A person who throws the gum in the waste paper basket, on the other hand, does the right thing, likes order and cleanliness. A person who swallows the gum is someone who thinks he has done something inappropriate, yet is not ready to stand by it. Such a person is not strong or self-assured. For if he was, he’d keep chewing the gum. So, the person who chews the gum even though his archenemy will notice, seems like someone who is sure of himself, a leader who does not care what others think of him, because nothing will affect his natural authority.

[How Long Should Novel Chapters Be? Click here to find out.]

Different Actions May Speak Differently to Different People

Your readers may have different connotations with these simple actions, but, first of all, this is how it is in real life—our actions speak differently to different people. And secondly, together with the many other quirks and habits, actions and reactions, background details, and relationships you will show us in other scenes throughout your novel, the fully developed personality of your very own President will emerge. Perhaps he also has a strong handshake and a winning smile, which shows his disarming personality. Perhaps he speaks in overbearing tones and long sentences, which reflects his domineering qualities. Perhaps he never says anything before casting a glance at his communications director, which reveals his insecurities—insecurities he may be able to overcome, when a crisis demands a strong leader.

Whoever your very own president may be, show us, and do so with more than one strategy: use his appearance as a metaphor; develop his unique voice; give him a background story that reveals itself in bits and pieces, allowing us an ever deeper look into his soul; add an insecurity or weak spot or two; place him in situations that force him to act and interact in unexpected ways; and finally give him a chance to change and develop and grow. That way your readers will get to know him, slowly and naturally, as if they’d live in the same town.

Other writing/publishing articles & links for you:

WANT MORE? Check out Helga’s Writers Digest online tutorial:
Creating Compelling Characters in Six Simple Steps.
Watch the sneak peek above and then order here.

Thanks for visiting The Writer's Dig blog. For more great writing advice, click here.


Brian A. Klems is the editor of this blog, online editor of Writer's Digest and author of the popular gift bookOh Boy, You're Having a Girl: A Dad's Survival Guide to Raising Daughters.

Follow Brian on Twitter: @BrianKlems
Sign up for Brian's free Writer's Digest eNewsletter: WD Newsletter

writer's digest wd presents

WD Presents: Romance Writing Virtual Conference, 6 WDU Courses, and More!

This week, we're excited to announce the Romance Writing Virtual Conference, six WDU courses, and more!

Popular Fantasy Tropes for Writers

21 Popular Fantasy Tropes for Writers

Here are 21 examples of fantasy tropes for writers to consider and subvert when writing fantastical fiction.

Writing Goals and Intentions: 25 Prompts

Writing Goals and Intentions: 25 Prompts

Make this year your most successful writing year ever by considering the following questions to set your goals and intentions.

Is a Personal Essay Considered Journalism?

Is a Personal Essay Considered Journalism?

Journalist Alison Hill answers the question of whether or not the personal essay is considered journalism by defining the genre and offering examples. Plus, outlets for you to publish your own personal essay.

Forth vs. Fourth (Grammar Rules)

Forth vs. Fourth (Grammar Rules)

Learn when to use forth vs. fourth in your writing with Grammar Rules from the Writer's Digest editors, including a few examples.

Plot Twist Story Prompts: Bad Place

Plot Twist Story Prompts: Bad Place

Every good story needs a nice (or not so nice) turn or two to keep it interesting. This week, make the setting the antagonist.

Gaslighting in Romance: From Jane Eyre to the Present Day (and Why Writers Should Care)

Gaslighting in Romance: From Jane Eyre to the Present Day (and Why Writers Should Care)

Gaslighting can work its way into the backstory of a character, but it can also be misused. Here, author Emma Barry discusses gaslighting in romance.

Brad Taylor: On Real-Life Threats Inspiring Thriller Novels

Brad Taylor: On Real-Life Threats Inspiring Thriller Novels

Author and veteran Brad Taylor discusses the research that led to his new thriller novel, The Devil’s Ransom.

How Roleplaying Helps Our Writing—and Our Marriage

How Role-Playing Helps Our Writing—and Our Marriage

As co-writing partners who fully embody the stories they tell in their writing process, authors Emily Wibberley and Austin Siegemund-Broka share how role-playing helps their writing, and their marriage.