Novel Writing: 10 Questions You Need to Ask Your Characters

The most important part of your novel is the part that will never been seen by the reader.  It’s the part that’s just for you.  It’s the part that only you know.  Well, you and your character, that is.

It’s the character study.  You simply cannot write a good novel without knowing your characters inside and out.


Brenda-Janowitz-bookBrenda-JanowitzThis guest post is by Brenda Janowitz, author of Scot on the Rocks, Jack with a Twist and THE LONELY HEARTS CLUB. Her work has also appeared in the New York Post, Publisher’s Weekly, Long Island Woman Magazine, Mom.me, Hello Giggles, and xoJane. You can find her at brendajanowitz.com and on Twitter at @BrendaJanowitz.


There’s so many ways to do a character study.  It can be a letter your character writes to a friend, it can be a confession your character makes to her shrink, or it can even be a list of things you want to know about her.

Sometimes, when I’m away from my computer, I imagine my character walking around with me.  Long line at the drug store?  Hmm, how would my character react to that?  Friend late for lunch—would my character wait, or just walk out in a huff?  Car cut you off in traffic?  Would my character yell out loud, or take in it stride?

[Get your creative juices flowing by trying this 12-Day plan of simple writing exercises.]

Some writers like to tackle character studies before writing even a word of the book.  But for me, I like to dive into a book and just start free writing, figuring things out as I go.  Then, when the dreaded writer’s block inevitably sets in, that’s when I’m able to take a step back and think about what I’m writing.  There’s no need to step away from your computer—in fact, I find that when I’m blocked, walking away from the keyboard is the worst thing I can do.  It reinforces the idea that I’m blocked.  And writing begets writing, so don’t stop.

Novelist Gillian Flynn wrote the most quoted part of her blockbuster, GONE GIRL, as a character study.  (http://www.vulture.com/2014/10/gone-girls-gillian-flynn-on-cool-girls.html)  The “cool girl” speech was something she wrote when she was blocked, and it made its way into the finished product.

But your character studies don’t have to make their way into your WIP.  In fact, some people think they shouldn’t.  In my current WIP, my character studies became part of the first draft.  I felt it was important to give the reader the back stories on my enormous cast of characters, to fully flesh out all of the players.  My wonderful editor, Brenda Copeland, recently sent this great Stephen King quote to me:

“The most important things to remember about back story are that (a) everyone has a history and (b) most of it isn’t very interesting.” —Stephen King

I love that quote!  So, we cut the backstories.  Each and every one of them.  And it hurt.  Man, did it hurt!  But, you know what?  Their backstories didn’t change.  They just made their way into the narrative in a more organic way.  Because of those character studies, I know my characters inside and out, and I think that when an author really knows her characters, truly knows them at their core, that comes out in the writing.

[Writing a Hero’s Adventure story? Here’s a simple template you can apply to your own work-in-progress.]

With that in mind, here are the top 10 questions you need to be able to answer about each of your characters:

1. How old is she?  (And how old is she mentally?  Is she a 40 year old in the body of a sixteen year old, or vice versa?)
2. Did she have a happy childhood?  Why/why not?
3. Past/ present relationships?  How did they affect her?
4. What does she care about?
5. What is she obsessed with?
6. Biggest fear?
7. What is the best thing that ever happened to her?  The worst?
8. Most embarrassing thing that ever happened to her?
9. Biggest secret?
10. What is the one word you would use to define her?

What are some of your own questions that you ask yourself when it comes to character?  What do you think every author needs to know about her characters?

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Brian A. Klems is the editor of this blog (The Writer’s Dig), the online editor of Writer’s Digest and author of the popular gift book Oh Boy, You’re Having a Girl: A Dad’s Survival Guide to Raising Daughters.

Follow Brian on Twitter: @BrianKlems
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9 thoughts on “Novel Writing: 10 Questions You Need to Ask Your Characters

  1. dudeguy101

    I’m really sorry if this sounds nasty and call me old-fashioned, but if you need tips on how to actually write your own book, then maybe you’re not fit to write a book at all. I’m sure this sounds exceedinly rude to you, and I do apologise. However, please note that I am simply thinking out loud. Does anybody agree with me???

    1. Ellie0Wicklow

      I don’t know about that. The end of this article struck me more as a discussion prompt to help readers than a plea for help from the author. Even if that were not so, authors do have the right to ask for help. They may be published or famous or writing advice articles of their own, but they are still human. They face all the same challenges in the writing process as everyone else, and they all have their own strengths and weaknesses. So while I can certainly see where you’re coming from, I don’t think there’s anything you need to worry about. 🙂

    2. brooksjk

      This is beginner, Character Development 101. Probably geared towards the person who read Twilight and wants to create their own sparkly teen heart throb.

  2. Clinton A. Seeber

    Not bad advice, but I wouldn’t think that one would actually have to write down an answer to each one of those questions unless it actually comes into play in the story.

  3. JanelleFila

    I just listened to a podcast that mentioned that getting to know your characters is easiest if you think of them as actual people that you are introduced to versus people that you’ve created. When you meet someone for the first time, they have history and backstory and faults that you don’t know about yet but can discover if you talk long enough. That’s how to get to know your characters. Throw them in a situation and see what they do. Let them amaze you!

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