Skip to main content

13 Welsh Poetic Forms

Here are 13 Welsh poetic forms and how to write them. From the awdl gywydd to the rhupunt and several poem types in between.

Here are 13 Welsh poetic forms and how to write them. From the awdl gywydd to the rhupunt and several poem types in between.

Image placeholder title

I've been covering poetic forms on this blog for more than a decade now. Long enough to make lists of poetic forms that originated in various regions, like the 13 Welsh poetic forms I've collected below. There are two things I especially enjoy about Welsh forms: 1. They're often fun technical challenges of rhyming; and 2. People often ask me how to pronounce them.

Click on each link below to learn how to write them.

Recreate Your Poetry!

Image placeholder title

Revision doesn’t have to be a chore—something that has to be done after the joy of the first draft. In fact, revision should be viewed as an enjoyable extension of the creation process—something that you want to experience after the joy of the first draft.

Learn the three rules of revision, seven revision filters, common excuses for avoiding revision (and how to overcome them), and more in this power-packed poetry revision tutorial.

Click to continue.

13 Welsh Poetic Forms

  1. Awdl Gywydd. 4-liner with 7-syllable lines.
  2. Byr a Thoddaid. Quatrain with alternating internal couplets.
  3. Clogyrnach. 6-liner with an ab rhyme scheme.
  4. Cyhydedd Fer. Couplet form with 8 syllables per line and aa end rhyme.
  5. Cyhydedd Hir. Quatrain form with 5 syllables in 3 lines and 4 in the other.
  6. Cyhydedd Naw Ban. 9 syllable lines with an even number of lines per stanza.
  7. Cyrch a Chwta. Octave stanzas with end rhymes and cross rhymes.
  8. Cywydd Llosgyrnog. Six lines and variable line lengths.
  9. Englyn Byr Cwca. Tercet form with variable lines and rhymes.
  10. Englyn Cyrch. 4-liner with 7-syllable lines--but not the awdl gywydd.
  11. Gwawdodyn. Quatrain form with an ab rhyme scheme.
  12. Hir a Thoddaid. 6-liner with a mostly consistent syllable count and end rhyme.
  13. Rhupunt. A form with a lot of options available.

Check these forms out, try them for fun, and let me know which is your favorite in the comments below. Or let me know of Welsh forms I still have yet to cover (like the tawddgyrch cadwynog).

How To Research Topics Like a Journalist

How To Research Topics Like a Journalist

From in-person interviews to scouring the web for credible sources, journalist Alison Hill shares tips on how to research topics like a journalist.

Can I Have Your Attention?

Can I Have Your Attention?

Every writer needs a little inspiration once in a while. For today's prompt, an announcement is about to change the course of history.

Glenn Boozan: On the Funny Side of Parenting

Glenn Boozan: On the Funny Side of Parenting

Emmy nominated comedy writer Glenn Boozan discusses how a funny piece of perspective turned into her new humor book, There Are Moms Way Worse Than You.

From Script

Adapting True Crime and True Stories for Television (From Script)

In this week’s round up brought to us by Script magazine, exclusive interviews with writers and showrunners Robert Siegel and D.V. DeVincentis (“Pam & Tommy”), Patrick Macmanus and Liz Hannah (“The Girl from Plainville”) who both have taken creative liberties in adapting true stories for a limited series.

Chanel Cleeton: On Reader Enthusiasm Conjuring Novel Ideas

Chanel Cleeton: On Reader Enthusiasm Conjuring Novel Ideas

Author Chanel Cleeton discusses how reader curiosity led her to write her new historical fiction novel, Our Last Days in Barcelona.

Writer's Digest Interview | Marlon James Quote

The Writer's Digest Interview: Marlon James

Booker Prize–winning author Marlon James talks about mythology and world-building in his character-driven epic Moon Witch, Spider King, the second book in his Dark Star Trilogy in this interview from the March/April 2022 issue of Writer's Digest.

writer's digest wd presents

WD Presents: New Podcast Episode, a Chance at Publication, and More!

This week, we're excited to announce our newest podcast episode, your chance to be published, and more!

David Adams Cleveland: On Truth Revealing Itself in Historical Fiction

David Adams Cleveland: On Truth Revealing Itself in Historical Fiction

Award-winning novelist David Adams Cleveland discusses the timeliness of his new novel, Gods of Deception.

Lisa Jewell | Writer's Digest Interview Quote

The WD Interview: Lisa Jewell

The New York Times-bestselling British author discusses creating thrilling plot twists and developing characters in her 19th novel, The Night She Disappeared, in this interview from the Jan/Feb 2022 issue of Writer's Digest.