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Rannaigheact Mhor: Poetic Forms

Learn how to write the rannaigheact mhor, an Irish quatrain form with a lot of rules pressed into a few syllables. Get the guidelines and an example poem here.

I used to think the Welsh forms were the most complicated, but today's Irish form sure fits in a lot of rules in only 28 syllables. Let’s look at the rannaigheact mhor!

Rannaigheact Mhor Poems

There are actually several different rannaigheacts, which are Irish quatrains. I'm sure we'll cover other versions in the future, but today's rannaigheact mhor operates on a complex set of rules.

Here are the guidelines for the rannaigheact mhor:

  • Quatrain with an abab rhyme scheme, including consonant end sounds
  • Heptasyllabic lines, or 7 syllables per line
  • At least 2 cross-rhymes in each couplet of each quatrain
  • Final word of line 3 rhymes with interior of line 4
  • At least 2 words alliterate in each line
  • Final word of line 4 alliterates with preceding stressed word
  • Final sound of poem echoes first sound of poem (common for Irish forms)


The Complete Guide of Poetic Forms

Play with poetic forms!

Poetic forms are fun poetic games, and this digital guide collects more than 100 poetic forms, including more established poetic forms (like sestinas and sonnets) and newer invented forms (like golden shovels and fibs).

Click to continue.


Here’s my attempt at a Rannaigheact Mhor Poem:

Fickle Fall, by Robert Lee Brewer

Falling for blue eyes is fake
if two make terrified too
you and talismans you take
for sake of whistle or woo.

Physical feelings shall fade
like shade on a weathered wall
making all things never made
or forbade for fickle fall.


It should be easy to find the alliteration, but I'll map out the rhymes and cross-rhymes here:



And as you can see, the poem begins and ends on "fall." Crazy form, right?

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