Skip to main content

7 Ways to Make Your Historical Novel Come Alive

What really makes an historical novel stand out is drawing on the knowledge you’ve gathered to create a world that is both vivid and believable. Here are seven tips for doing just that.

Anyone who’s ever written an historical novel will acknowledge that it involves vast amounts of research: books you use, books you don’t use, hours on the internet, reams of notes. In many ways, though, doing the research is the easy part. What really makes an historical novel stand out is drawing on the knowledge you’ve gathered to create a world that is both vivid and believable. Here are seven tips for doing just that.

This guest post is by Alison Love. Love is a novelist and short story writer. Her debut novel, Mallingford, published in the UK and Germany, was described in The Times as 'the kind of book that reminds one why people still like reading novels', while her second, Serafina, is set amidst the political intrigues of 13th century Amalfi. Her latest novel, The Girl from the Paradise Ballroom, has been published in the UK, the USA and Germany (as Das Lied, das uns trägt). Alison's short stories have appeared in several magazines and anthologies, including the Bristol Short Story Prize Anthology Volume 6. (Author photograph copyright Richard Sena Ltd.)

Alison Love-featured
The Girl from the Paradise Ballroom jacket

1. Immerse yourself in the world you’re creating

When it comes to research it helps to think laterally. Yes, start with the obvious history books, but take a wide-eyed, creative approach to other sources, such as fiction or pictures of the period. (The novelist Kim van Alkemade provides an excellent guide to doing this here.) Ideas can come from unexpected places. I’d planned to make Olivia, the title character in The Girl from the Paradise Ballroom, a dressmaker. Then, watching a TV documentary one rainy afternoon, I discovered that the British band leader Victor Silvester had started his career as a paid dance host in London’s ballrooms. That new, small bit of knowledge transformed not just my vision of Olivia, but the novel as a whole.

[5 Important Tips on How to Pitch a Literary Agent In Person]

2. Find authentic voices for your characters

Any novelist has to discover their characters’ voices, but when you’re writing historical fiction there’s the added challenge of ensuring that those voices sound authentic. Obvious 21st century vocabulary grates on the reader’s ear, but then, so can would-be period dialogue: what Cecil B. de Mille, director of The Ten Commandments, scathingly called ‘thees and thous and thums.’ In Wolf Hall¸ her novel about the Tudor courtier Thomas Cromwell, Hilary Mantel’s solution is to use carefully timeless language, with hints of individual voices. The blustering Duke of Norfolk’s conversation is peppered with oaths like ‘by the Mass’ and ‘St Jude give me patience!’, while Anne Boleyn calls Cromwell ‘Cremuel’ in a self-conscious French accent.

3. Believe it – less really is more

In her terrific book on writing, Plot, the late Ansen Dibell warns against having so much fun creating background material you forget to tell a story. The same goes for historical research. It’s tempting to shoehorn everything you’ve discovered into your novel, partly as evidence of your own hard work, partly because it’s interesting, dammit. Some writers do get away with this – Louis de Bernières includes a potted history of post-war Greece in his bestseller, Captain Corelli’s Mandolin – but it’s a high-risk strategy, especially if you’re a novice, and it can drain the narrative energy from your novel. Better to look at the five nuggets of information you’re longing to include, and pick just one. Oh, all right, then: two.

Check out the Writing the Historical Novel OnDemand Webinar!

You'll love it if:

  • You are a writer who wants to create a historical piece whether a screenplay, short story, novel, etc.
  • You are a writer who wants to publish
  • You are a writer who wants to learn how characters and themes can enhance the historical time period in a piece of writing
  • You are a writer who wants to learn how history can be embedded within key screen writing techniques

Click here to download now!

4. What if the truth isn’t credible?

According to Mark Twain (surely the most quotable writer ever, next to Shakespeare and Oscar Wilde): ‘Truth is stranger than fiction, but it is because fiction is obliged to stick to possibilities.’ He’s right. Sometimes what really happened just doesn’t sound plausible, or it’s way too complicated to explain in a novel. When that happens you have a choice. You can guide the reader carefully through the truth, or you can simplify the facts. I found this out while writing The Girl from the Paradise Ballroom. During World War 2 a ship transporting enemy aliens from Britain to Canada was sunk by a German U-boat off the coast of Ireland. Astonishingly, 200 survivors from the wreck were then sent to Australia on another ship, the Dunera, which was also torpedoed but failed to sink. I wanted to weave both events into my story, but I felt that to describe two terrifying voyages would give readers a confusing sense of déjà vu. In the end I chose to sum up the Dunera incident in retrospect, in just a couple of lines.

5. Don’t feel you have to play fair

When you’ve got to know a period of history in depth, it’s easy to think that you have to present all sides of the situation in a fair and unbiased way. You don’t; that’s an historian’s job. Your job is to tell a satisfying story. Of course you want to create three-dimensional main characters, not mouthpieces for propaganda, but you’re allowed to simplify and to exaggerate. Even obvious stereotypes – the sneering official, the steel-eyed Nazi, the brash, red-faced bully – can sometimes help the reader feel at home in your fictional landscape. This simplification is especially useful if you’re depicting real people. In War and Peace Tolstoy doesn’t attempt a balanced portrait of Napoleon: he shows him with an artificial smile and plump white hands, fondling the ears of his favourites while his valet drenches him in eau de cologne.

6. Make your research work in your story

However thorough your research has been, you have to make it work effectively in your story: otherwise it’s just a list of facts and figures. To return to Wolf Hall: one reason for Hilary Mantel’s success is that she draws on her knowledge to evoke what it was really like to live in Tudor England. There’s a scene early on where Cromwell’s disgraced master, Cardinal Wolsey, arrives at a cold, empty house. Cromwell bustles about, organising food, ordering firewood and bed sheets to keep his master warm. Through Mantel’s description we feel we inhabit the neglected house, with its dirty copper pans, its aura of mildew and mouse droppings. Mantel does more than that, though: she shows exactly why a powerful man would want someone like Cromwell in his service. Suddenly Cromwell’s rise through Henry VIII’s court begins to makes sense.

[10 Meaningful Practices for Every Writer]

7. Don’t be afraid to use your imagination

When you read British writer Penelope Fitzgerald’s beguiling novel about pre-revolutionary Russia, The Beginning of Spring, you’d swear that she knew Moscow by heart, its streets and shops, its people, its customs. In fact, although she did a vast amount of reading – novels as well as history – she spent a mere two weeks in Russia, on a package holiday in 1975. But she wasn’t afraid to use her imagination. Commenting on the book to fellow novelist Penelope Lively, Fitzgerald wrote: ‘I think in a novel you must be allowed to make up something.’ And in the end that’s what really counts: using your research as a springboard to leap into the unknown, and create a world that may be based on history but is unique to you, and your imagination. Good luck.

Other writing/publishing articles & links for you:

Thanks for visiting The Writer's Dig blog. For more great writing advice, click here.


Brian A. Klems is the editor of this blog, online editor of Writer's Digest and author of the popular gift bookOh Boy, You're Having a Girl: A Dad's Survival Guide to Raising Daughters.

Follow Brian on Twitter: @BrianKlems
Sign up for Brian's free Writer's Digest eNewsletter: WD Newsletter

Writer's Digest Best Everything Agent Websites for Writers 2022

Writer's Digest Best Everything Agent Websites for Writers 2022

Here are the top websites by and about agents as identified in the 24th Annual 101 Best Websites from the May/June 2022 issue of Writer's Digest.

Ashley Poston: On Love, Death, and Books

Ashley Poston: On Love, Death, and Books

Author Ashley Poston discusses how she combined her love of ghost stories, romance, and books into her new romance novel, The Dead Romantics.

Choosing Which Movements To Put in Your Fight Scene (FightWrite™)

Choosing Which Movements To Put in Your Fight Scene (FightWrite™)

Trained fighter and author Carla Hoch discusses how much of a fight's details to actually put into a story, and how even with fight scenes sometimes less is more.

5 Research Tips for Writing Historical Fiction, by Piper Huguley

5 Research Tips for Writing Historical Fiction

Author Piper Huguley shares her five research tips for writing historical fiction that readers love and writers love as well.

Announcing 40 More Plot Twist Prompts for Writers!

Announcing 40 More Plot Twist Prompts for Writers!

Learn more about 40 Plot Twist Prompts for Writers, Volume 2: ALL NEW Writing Ideas for Taking Your Stories in New Directions, by Writer's Digest Senior Editor Robert Lee Brewer. Discover fun and interesting ways to move your stories from beginning to end.

Interviewing Tips | Tyler Moss

Interviewing 101: Tips for Writers

Interviewing sources for quotes or research will be part of any writer's job. Here are tips to make the process as smooth and productive as possible.

Plot Twist Story Prompts: Eliminate Threat

Plot Twist Story Prompts: Eliminate Threat

Every good story needs a nice (or not so nice) turn or two to keep it interesting. This week, have a character work to eliminate a threat.

4 Tips for Writing Gothic Horror

4 Tips for Writing Gothic Horror

Gothic horror and its many subgenres continues to increase in popularity. Here, author Ava Reid shares 4 tips on writing gothic horror.

Lucy Clarke: On the Power of Creativity

Lucy Clarke: On the Power of Creativity

Novelist Lucy Clarke discusses how a marathon of writing led to a first draft in just 17 days for her new psychological thriller, One of the Girls.