The first step in revising is a step back. Put your work aside for at least a day or two so that you can look at it with a fresh eye before you attempt any revisions.
When you”re ready, read the piece through as though you were seeing it for the first time. Make marks as you read on any passages that seem awkward, that drag, or that lack “punch.” Read dialogue passages out loud to identify any that are stiff or unnatural sounding. Pay attention to your word choices and sentence structure.
On your second pass, look for grammatical and mechanical errors. Following is a checklist that is a valuable revision guide for any kind of manuscript:
Learn more about the Getting Started in Writing Workshop.