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What are the five levels of editing? : Tips and Advice • Writing Forum | WritersDigest.com

What are the five levels of editing?

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Dreaming Imrryr
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What are the five levels of editing?

Postby Dreaming Imrryr » Mon Sep 19, 2016 10:14 pm

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Last edited by Dreaming Imrryr on Tue Oct 31, 2017 3:34 pm, edited 1 time in total.

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shadowwalker
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Re: What are the five levels of editing?

Postby shadowwalker » Mon Sep 19, 2016 11:09 pm

I'm not sure I'd call them "levels", but there are several types of editors, which may or may not be combined, depending on the publisher. Here's a quick and dirty list:



Quick and dirty answer: ;)

Acquisitions Editor
Project Editor
Developmental Editor
Copyeditor
Proofreader
Production Editor
"It seems rather like wanting to be ... a writer, rather than wanting to write. It should be a by-product, not a thing in itself. Otherwise, it's just an ego trip." - Roger Zelazny

It's really not that hard. Just tell me a story.

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Dreaming Imrryr
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Re: What are the five levels of editing?

Postby Dreaming Imrryr » Tue Sep 20, 2016 12:43 am

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Last edited by Dreaming Imrryr on Tue Oct 31, 2017 3:34 pm, edited 1 time in total.

williamadams
 

Re: What are the five levels of editing?

Postby williamadams » Sat Sep 24, 2016 3:42 pm


williamadams
 

Re: What are the five levels of editing?

Postby williamadams » Sat Sep 24, 2016 3:47 pm

this site has a good 5 level summary
http://community.copypress.com/guides/c ... f-editing/

The Five Types of Editing

Each type of editing comes with a different degree of responsibility and level of detail. Depending on your role as an editor, you may be responsible for one or more of these editing roles.

1. Developmental Editing – Concept Level Editing

Entire concepts and story angles may be redefined during developmental editing. This type of editing involves working with a writer as they are coming up with the overall theme of their article or story. Developmental editors offer suggestions on things like:

goals of the story/article
notes on character development
use of dialogue/literary devices
notes on voice, tone, and language

2. Substantive Editing – Paragraph Level Editing

Entire paragraphs may be changed during substantive editing. This type of editing is done by editors as they:

add information to support the theme
remove information that does not support the theme
reorganize paragraphs to improve flow of ideas
revise sentence structure and organization to improve the reader’s experience

3. Copy Editing – Sentence Level Editing

Sentences may be revised during copy editing. Editors are not looking to make large changes to the entire body of the content. Instead, they are looking to improve single sentences by:

eliminating redundant, unnecessary words
replacing repetitive words with synonyms
substituting weak words, phrases, and sentences with powerful alternatives
revising sentence structure to improve flow

4. Fact/Accuracy Checking – Information Level Editing

The substance of the copy may be changed during fact/accuracy checking. In this phase, editors ensure that the content is true, accurate, and in compliance with the assignment style guide/brief. Editors should check for accuracy on:

adherence to directions listed in the style guide/assignment brief
proper names and spelling of proper nouns
stats and facts
absolute statements (especially information that includes words like always and never)
links (editors should always open links and make sure they lead to the correct page)

5. Proofreading – Word Level Editing

Words or phrases may be revised during proofreading. In this final version of editing, editors are looking to correct:

sentence structure to improve clarity (when sentence structure is so poor it creates confusion)
typos
grammar errors
spelling inaccuracies
punctuation errors (especially comma errors)
capitalization errors
verb tense issues (subject and verb disagreements)
incorrect pronoun/article use
improper spacing (spacing should usually be one space after each period)
formatting inconsistencies

williamadams
 

Re: What are the five levels of editing?

Postby williamadams » Sat Sep 24, 2016 3:49 pm

the san francisco professional editors network defines editing as below

Types of Editing
Editorial services range from extensive reworking of a manuscript to final polishing. A typical manuscript undergoes four editing stages: developmental editing, substantive editing, copyediting, and proofreading.

Developmental Editing
Developmental editors work with material that is not yet in manuscript form. They establish a collaborative relationship with writers and help shape a manuscript from a rough draft, an outline, or even sketchy notes. The writer specializes in content, the editor in form. As the author writes or rewrites, the developmental editor provides feedback, guidance, and encouragement.

Substantive Editing
Substantive editors (manuscript editors) work with completed manuscripts. They begin by assessing the manuscript as a whole for style, tone, structure, logic, and accuracy. Then they eliminate the manuscript’s weaknesses and enhance its strengths. These editors may reorganize the manuscript, rewrite portions of text, eliminate wordiness, write transitions and summaries, and work with the author to resolve inconsistencies or clarify confusing passages. A manuscript edited for substance goes back to the client for final review.

Copyediting
Copyeditors revise the manuscripts line by line. The copyedit process can be light, medium, or heavy, depending on the quality and complexity of the manuscript.

Proofreading
Proofreaders provide a final check for grammatical, spelling, typographical, and in some cases, formatting errors and inconsistencies in a document before it is published. The proofreading process goes beyond what a computer “spell check” can accomplish, as “spell checks” are notoriously inaccurate and incomplete in their assessment of a manuscript's errors. If a document has never been reviewed by a professional editor and is full of errors, it likely requires a higher-level editing service. When proofreading typeset materials, proofreaders also check for poor type quality and deviations from typesetting conventions.

Production Editing
Production editors manage the process a manuscript goes through to become a publishable product. They keep the project moving by coordinating the services of the copyeditor, designer, artist, and proofreader to control quality, maintain the production deadline, and stay within budget.

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Dreaming Imrryr
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Re: What are the five levels of editing?

Postby Dreaming Imrryr » Sun Sep 25, 2016 6:21 am

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Last edited by Dreaming Imrryr on Tue Oct 31, 2017 3:39 pm, edited 1 time in total.

williamadams
 

Re: What are the five levels of editing?

Postby williamadams » Tue Sep 27, 2016 6:13 pm


carroll
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Re: What are the five levels of editing?

Postby carroll » Mon Jan 16, 2017 3:13 am

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