Poetic Forms

Chanso: Poetic Form

Today’s form is kind of cool, because it affords a bit of creativity. Let’s look at the chanso! Chanso Poems Chanso poems are adaptable to the needs of the poet. This French form consists of five or six stanzas with an envoy that is roughly half the size of a regular stanza. So what...

Rannaigheact Mhor: Poetic Form

I used to think the Welsh forms were the most complicated, but today’s Irish form sure fits in a lot of rules in only 28 syllables. Let’s look at the rannaigheact mhor! Rannaigheact Mhor Poems There are actually several different rannaigheacts, which are Irish quatrains. I’m sure we’ll cover other versions in the future,...

Rhupunt: Poetic Form

I’ll tell you what: These Welsh poetic forms are starting to grow on me. This time around, let’s look at the rhupunt! Rhupunt Poems The rhupunt has some variability to it, but also some rigid rules as well. I’ve had fun tinkering around with this Welsh form, and I hope you do too. Here...

Huitain: Poetic Form

Recently, I covered ae freislighe, after neglecting Irish forms a bit too long. This time around, I’m getting back to my French form roots with the huitain! Huitain Poems If you know me, you know I love the French poetic forms. The huitain is actually a derivative of the French ballade. In fact, it...

Ae Freislighe: Poetic Form

I’ve covered so many poetic forms over the years, but still have somehow neglected the Irish forms. So let’s finish out May with the ae freislighe! Ae Freislighe Poems I think part of the reason I’ve avoided Irish forms is that the rhymes can be so intense, and that’s definitely the case with the...

Cyrch A Chwta: Poetic Form

Wow! So it’s been almost two months since the last form I’ve covered. So let’s jump right into today’s form: cyrch a chwta! Cyrch A Chwta Poems As you might guess from the name, cyrch a chwta is a Welsh poetic form. And like many Welsh forms, this poem involves both end rhymes and...

10 Short Poetic Forms

I’ve put together a couple poetic form lists by nationality (French poetic forms and Japanese poetic forms) recently, but I thought it’d be fun to assemble a list of short poetic forms. Like less than 10 lines short poems! ***** Master Poetic Forms! Learn how to write sestina, shadorma, haiku, monotetra, golden shovel, and...

Descort: Poetic Form

Recently, I shared 11 French poetic forms on the blog, but there are still many more to share, including today’s form: descort! Descort Poems The descort differentiates itself from other forms by differentiating its lines from other lines within the poem. That is, the main rule of descort poems is that each line needs...

11 French Poetic Forms

Last week, I shared a list of 10 Japanese poetic forms that I’ve covered over the years. This week, I’m giving the same treatment to the French poetic forms. As anyone who reads this blog regularly knows, I love the French forms, especially the rhymes and refrains. Click on each link below to learn...

Cywydd Llosgyrnog: Poetic Form

Just when you think we’ve uncovered every poetic form under the sun, we unearth another Welsh form–this time, cywydd llosgyrnog. Cywydd Llosgyrnog Poems Besides the spelling of the name, a poet can figure out this is a Welsh form pretty quick because it’s a syllabic-based form with internal rhymes. Here’s the structure of this...

10 Japanese Poetic Forms

I’ve been covering poetic forms on this blog for nearly 10 years now. To celebrate, I’ve collected 10 Japanese poetic forms below. While poetry in general is known for concision of language, there’s little argument that Japanese forms take concision to extremes. Click on each link to learn how. ***** Master Poetic Forms! Learn...

Mondo: Poetic Form

Some folks may remember me covering katauta (and sedoka) poems last December. Today’s poetic form mondo is a close relative of those forms. Mondo Poems Mondo poems are often very brief collaborative affairs that present a question and answer in the style of trying to glean meaning from nature. Mondos can be as short...

Seguidilla: Poetic Form

I’m a big fan of French forms, but there’s something special about the Spanish forms I find from time to time. That includes this week’s form: seguidilla. Seguidilla Poems Seguidilla is one of those poetic forms that started off as a song before eventually settling on an established poetic form. Specifically, seguidilla began as...

Rondine: Poetic Form

As regular readers of this blog can attest, I love me some French forms. And this week’s poetic form is a French form: the rondine. Rondine Poems If the term “rondine” sounds familiar, almost like rondeau, that’s because it’s very similar to the rondeau. In fact, I’m thinking of calling it the little rondeau,...

Contrapuntal Poem: Poetic Form

Let’s look at our first poetic form of February: the contrapuntal poem. Contrapuntal Poems I’ve had difficulty in hunting down who originated contrapuntal poems, but it does appear to be influenced by the music world. Contrapuntal music is composed of multiple melodies that are relatively independent that are sounded together. In the poetic world,...

Hir a Thoddaid: Poetic Form

Last week, we looked at ottava rima. This week, let’s tackle hir a thoddaid. Hir a Thoddaid Poems Some of you may have already guessed, but the hir a thoddaid is a Welsh form. They’ve got the coolest names, right? And this form is like other Welsh forms in regards to a slight variation...

Ottava Rima: Poetic Form

For the first poetic form of 2017, let’s take a look at ottava rima. Ottava Rima Poems With an Italian origin, the earliest known ottava rima were written by Giovanni Boccaccio. In English, Lord Byron used the form to write Don Juan. More contemporary English poets to use the form include William Butler Yeats...

2016 List of Poetic Forms

Since we’ve covered quite a few poetic forms this year, I thought it’d be nice to collect the 2016 List of Poetic Forms for easy reference. 2016 List of Poetic Forms Roundelay. The intricate refrain form created by John Dryden. Katauta. The Japanese 3-line incomplete or half-poem for lovers. Curtal Sonnet. The 11-line sonnet...

Roundelay: Poetic Form

Here’s one final poetic form before the end of the year: the roundelay poem. Roundelay Poems Technically, the roundelay is any simple lyric poem that uses a refrain, but I found a very interesting version of a John Dryden roundelay in Lewis Turco’s The New Book of Forms. Basically, the roundelay is comprised of...

Katauta: Poetic Form

Let’s look at one or two more poetic forms before the end of the year, starting with the katauta poem. Katauta Poems The katauta is a Japanese poetic form that is actually considered an incomplete or half-poem. It’s a 3-liner that follows either 5-7-5 or more commonly 5-7-7 syllables per line. Sounds like a...

Curtal Sonnet: Poetic Form

Let’s keep the pedal to the metal with the November PAD Chapbook Challenge just around the corner with today’s offering: Curtal sonnet! Curtal Sonnet Poems As with most poets, I once thought all sonnets had to run 14-lines and follow a rhyme scheme. If the study of poetry’s taught me anything for more than...

Clogyrnach: Poetic Form

With the November PAD Chapbook Challenge just around the corner, I’m trying to cover a few more poetic forms than usual, including today’s offering: Clogyrnach! Clogyrnach Poems Besides being another fun form to say (like rimas dissolutas), clogyrnach is also a fun poem to write. This Welsh poetic form is typically a six-line syllabic...

Rimas Dissolutas: Poetic Form

Here’s a new (to me) form that sounds like it’s a spell from the Harry Potter series of books: Rimas Dissolutas! Rimas Dissolutas Poems Popular with 12th and 13th century French poets, rimas dissolutas is a poem that rhymes and doesn’t rhyme. For instance, each stanza contains no end rhymes, but each line in...

Diminishing Verse: Poetic Form

Here’s a fun form: Diminishing Verse! Diminishing Verse Poems Diminishing verse offers no origin and very few rules, but I enjoyed writing my example below. In fact, the main rule is this: Remove the first letter of end word in previous line. For example: Line 1 ends with the word “grad” And line 2...

Landay: Poetic Form

Let’s keep the poetic forms rolling this week with the landay, which is a form that may have existed for thousands of years–though I just discovered it recently. Landay Poems The landay is a variable length form based off a couplet, which means the poem could be as concise as two lines or run...