To Text or Not to Text: How Much Should Technology Show Up in Fiction?

It’s obvious that technology in the last ten years or so has changed our daily lives to an extreme. Cell phones, Facebook, Twitter, texting…on and on the list goes, and it’s growing every day.  The way we communicate has been utterly transformed. Face-to-face interactions have decreased, while gadget-to-gadget interactions have increased. What does all this mean for the writer? Especially regarding our characters, and the way they communicate with each other inside our stories?

First, I think writers have to learn to walk the tightrope of not letting technology interfere too greatly with characters or plot, while at the same time being realistic with it.  For instance, it would be unthinkable not to have a single mention of a character using a cell phone in a contemporary story.  But how much technology is too much? Two main points worth considering, when it comes to characters and technology:

(Chapter 1 cliches and overused beginnings — see them all here.)


Screen shot 2014-10-12 at 1.10.26 PMColumn by Traci Borum, writing teacher and native Texan who’s an avid reader of
women’s fiction. She also adores all things British and even owns a British dog (Corgi).
She’s also completely addicted to Masterpiece Theater–must be all those dreamy
accents!  Traci’s first novel, a romantic mystery titled PAINTING THE MOON, will be
published by Red Adept Publishing in June of 2014. (See the book trailer here.) It’s
the first book in her “Chilton Crosse” series. Connect with her on FB.


1) Character interaction is still better in person.

In real life: Let’s face it. Technology has created a new level of social rudeness. People tapping on phones in movie theaters or libraries, talking as loudly as they please, ignoring the scowls around them. I went out to dinner with an old friend last year, and he spent about eighty percent of the meal texting someone else!  I was too nice to call him out, but honestly, it was just plain rude. He was having at least three different conversations with people.  But I was the last one on the totem pole, even though I was right there in front of him, live, and in person!

In fiction: When I have two characters out to dinner, I’m probably going to forgo the sad reality of people texting at the table and ignoring each other, and instead allow my characters an actual conversation, face-to-face. (The exception, of course, is if I want to show that a character is rude, and therefore, I might have him/her texting the entire time. But unless there’s a purpose to technology being at that table, I’m going to push technology aside, to favor actual character interaction, no matter how old-fashioned it might feel).

2) Technology may hamper your plot choices and suspense.

In real life: Looking up a long-lost friend or sweetheart is as quick and easy as spending two minutes on an internet search or hopping on Facebook. Want to find that old boyfriend? Search for that long lost best friend you quit talking to in 1988? Just get online, do some quick searching, and voila!

In fiction: But what if I want a character’s search for someone to be slow? What if I want to let it simmer over 200 pages, have a character wonder and wait and second-guess herself as she tries—in vain—to find that lost love? It’s not realistic, in a contemporary story, to have her be out of touch with technology to the point that she doesn’t even attempt an internet search. So, I have to get creative. Draw out the search. Have her look for that person online, but come up empty (that still happens, so it’s in the realm of realism). Or, have her try and chicken out altogether.  In order to create tension, to have the reader wonder if/when a reunion will ever occur, I might even have that lost love be untraceable.

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Funny thing is, the inspiration for this blog post came from an old episode of Seinfeld. I watched an entire episode devoted to a movie theater fiasco. Elaine, Jerry, George, and Kramer were supposed to meet at the movies, but things got in the way. In a comedy of errors, cabs got stuck in traffic, movies sold out, and everyone ended up missing each other (and the movie!).

Of course, it took place in the early 90’s, when cell phones weren’t attached to everyone’s ear. And as I watched the episode, what cracked me up more than the episode itself was that I kept thinking, “If the characters could just whip out a cell phone and call each other, they could’ve all met up at the right time and the episode would be over in about thirty seconds.” In that case, a cell phone would’ve changed the course of the plot entirely!

Bottom line:  Using technology or not using it in your novels is completely up to you. There’s definitely a time and place for it in modern fiction (and, if it’s ignored completely, it can make the story feel unrealistic). Even better, writers can use technology to their advantage, to make a plot more compelling and suspenseful.  But that’s a blog entry for another day…


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a novel that will get agents/editors to keep reading.


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4 thoughts on “To Text or Not to Text: How Much Should Technology Show Up in Fiction?

  1. Wombat_

    “The door dialated.” Robert Heinlein

    Perhaps the best use of technology ever in a story. Technology is always fodder for stories. Historically, the advent of new technology precedes a breakdown in morals, and society evolves to assimilate the changes and move forward.

    And while you may think I am talking about the internet, I learned this studying history before the internet came around, and we were discussing the invention of the waterwheel and rigid horse collar. Anything that impacts society will impact the family, and that is fertilizer for a story.

  2. Robert_Hil

    I am writing science fiction and think I address the problem rather well. In science fiction, you can write a character longing to speak with a lover, by increasing the distance between them. Case in point, a message sent from one part of the same planet to the other would be as it is today, instant. A message sent across planets, say Earth to Mar’s, would result in a time lag between replies. A message sent across solar systems, would have hours, days, weeks, or even months.

    So when you are on planet 352×7 (hope), and you are searching for your lost love who you think is on planet 88J651 (New Bermington). Using the modern search methods that we have today, would take years to find one person on a planet that might have a billion people. One planet of a given number of planets.

    The solution to this is to have your character who seeks their lover, set off on a journey across space. Planet hoping, much like you would have a character walking across town in a setting of Earth during the 1930s. Additionally, you can create an entire series of novels, in which your character’s personality grows, and they address the reason they lost their lover in the first place. (insecurities, which are solved by inner growth as a person, perhaps as they become trapped on a planet on the brink of a civil war, and you make your character take part in this war in some manner.)

    Technology doesn’t have to be over barring, and short of humanity becoming all linked by a internet of the mind… The technology will not look too different than it does today.

  3. JanelleFila

    I agree that writing technology into a story is a fine line. I write YA Contemporary, so I see a lot of technology mentioned in the books that I read. I have a harder time writing it into the story, because I personally don’t use it as much as teens (but I just upgraded to my first Smart phone, so I am learning!)

    One of my biggest pet peeves of Sue Grafton’s novels is that she didn’t age her character to equal the time lapsed in books, so while I am reading her story in 2014, her character is only in the early 90s. So much has changed with cell phones and Facebook and Twitter in the last 10-20 years, and it is really annoying to read about a private eye stopping at a phone booth to call and check up on a lead! Janelle


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